•;Sit less and be active more( 30 minutes of moderateto strenuous activity aday). Physical activityspeeds up digestion andencourages regular bowelmovements. Being activealso strengthens yourimmune system’s ability tofight inflammation, regulatehormones and protectagainst cancer.
•;If you’re of average riskand between 50 and 74years old, take the fecalimmunochemical test (FIT)every year (see page 37).
Regular screening candetect small growths calledpolyps in the wall of thecolon or rectum before theybecome cancerous.
TIPS FOR PREVENTING
•;Carrying extra weightcan increase your riskof cancer. Maintain ahealthy body weight in thenormal range to reduceyour risk. Find out moreat albertapreventscancer.ca and search “maintain ahealthy weight.”
•;Eat fibrous foods such asapples, beans, broccoliand whole grains. Fibre willincrease the size of stoolsand encourage regularity.And that’s good for you.
•;Eat the recommendedamount of high-calciumfoods such as dairyproducts and fish with softbones. Health Canadarecommends getting
1,000 mg a day of calcium
In the Summer 2017 issue ofApple, learn how to protectyourself from UV rays andreduce the risk of skin cancer.
if you’re between 19 and
50 years old. For womenover 50, the recommendeddose is 1,200 mg; for menover 50 it remains 1,000mg. Talk to your doctorto see if you need to takesupplements.
•;Eat foods rich in vitaminD, including fortified milk,fatty fish (such as salmon)and eggs. Health Canadarecommends getting 400 IUa day of vitamin D if you’reunder 70 years old and 800IU a day if you’re over 70
To learn more about cancer and its preventable
risks, visit albertapreventscancer.ca.
Colorectal cancer affects cells in the colon and rectum.
The good news is that about 57 per cent of all colorectal cancer
cases can be prevented. Here are a few ways:
WRITTEN BY AMY SAWCHENKO
•;Alcohol is linked to about
12 per cent of colorectalcancer cases. You cancut back on alcoholconsumption or avoid italtogether.
•;Cut back on red andprocessed meats.
•;The toxins in tobaccosmoke can damage cellsin the colon and rectum,and potentially turn intocancer. Reduce your riskby avoiding or quittingsmoking.|a