The following terms and concepts
are used throughout this issue
A chronic and complex disease thataffects a person’s ability to controltheir dependency on a substance (suchas alcohol, tobacco or drugs) or abehaviour or process (such as gambling,gaming, shopping or pornography). TheCanadian Mental Health Associationdescribes addiction as the presence ofthe 4 Cs: craving; loss of control of theamount or frequency of use; compulsionto use; use despite consequences.
Negative experiences such as severeneglect, abuse or household dysfunctionthat can weaken the foundation of achild’s brain.
Brain architecture development
The foundation for learning, behaviourand health, brain architecture is likebuilding a house—it starts with thefoundation and develops in an orderlysequence. Brains are built over time,from the bottom up, with the mostintense development in the early years.A strong foundation in the early yearsincreases the chances of having a healthylife and stable relationships.
A weak foundation increases the riskof problems later in life.