The following terms and concepts
are used throughout this issue
A chronic and complex disease that
affects a person’s ability to control
their dependency on a substance (such
as alcohol, tobacco or drugs) or a
behaviour or process (such as gambling,
gaming, shopping or pornography). The
Canadian Mental Health Association
describes addiction as the presence of
the 4 Cs: craving; loss of control of the
amount or frequency of use; compulsion
to use; use despite consequences.
Negative experiences such as severe
neglect, abuse or household dysfunction
that can weaken the foundation of a
Brain architecture development
The foundation for learning, behaviour
and health, brain architecture is like
building a house—it starts with the
foundation and develops in an orderly
sequence. Brains are built over time,
from the bottom up, with the most
intense development in the early years.
A strong foundation in the early years
increases the chances of having a healthy
life and stable relationships.
A weak foundation increases the risk
of problems later in life.